It is in leaf all year, in flower in May. Native to South America (eastern Brazil and north-eastern Uruguay). [12] However, continued follow-up management is necessary indefinitely after a period of high-intensity restoration. [12] Additionally, its seeds have many health benefits, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties in addition to a high amount of Vitamin C.[9][13], P. cattleyanum occurs primarily in mesic tropical rainforest environments[10] at an elevation of up to 1300m, but is found primarily below 800m. Agricultural areas, coastland, natural forests, planted forests, range/grasslands, riparian zones (banks of watercourses), ruderal/disturbed, scrub/shrublands, urban areas, wetlands (Henderson 2001). & A.Ludw. Plantas hospederas: Polifago, guayaba (Psidium guajava), arazá (Psidium cattleianum), camelia (Camellia japonica), caquizeiro (Diospyros kaki), níspero del japón (Eriobotrya japonica), pomarrosa (Eugenia jambos) etc. Psidium ferrugineum C.Presl. As an invasive species, P. cattleyanum is sometimes erroneously called Chinese guava. Locations within which Psidium cattleianum is naturalised include Australia, tropical and southern Africa, New Zealand, south-eastern USA and many oceanic islands with warm climates. 33. The Psidium cattleianum is now a weed in many parts of the tropics where it has quickly adapted to a variety of climates (Henderson 2001). Special ecological areas: an approach to alien plant control in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. If in doubt consult an expert. These flowers are borne singly in the leaf upper forks. Hawaii's terrestrial ecosystems: preservation and management. Park Resour. Seedling and clonal recruitment of the invasive tree Psidium cattleianum: implications for management of native Hawaiian forests. Some varieties have a yellow skin. Native to Brazil where it is known as araçá (ara-SAH) and adjacent tropical South America, it is closely related to common guava (P. guajava), and like that species is a widespread, highly invasive species in tropical areas throughout the Indian and Pacific Oceans. These species can be distinguished by the following differences: The fruit of Psidium cattleianum is edible and can be eaten raw or processed into jams and other products. K. McCook-Russella, M. Nairb, P. Faceya, C. Bowen-Forbesa. Pacific Southwest Research Station. The seeds of which are dispersed by birds and mammals. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. Psidium cattleianum is invasive in parts of Tanzania (Tropical Biology Association 2010). Contienen más de 130 géneros, entre ellos las psidium, donde se encuentra: la psidium guajava (guayaba común), la psidium cattleianum (árbol de guayaba fresa) y otras especies como el árbol de guayaba rosa. Thus, some control efforts involve removal and control of invasive fauna. [17] It is also capable of withstanding heavy leaf litter and responding to bending or breaking of its branches by generating vigorous shoots. [21] Its ability to thrive in a variety of different habitats under many different ecological conditions[16] threatens native flora of many different habitat types. GUAYABO AMARILLO NOMBRE CIENTIFICO: Psidium cattleianum var. [7][10], P. cattleyanum does not dominate plant communities in its native range. Not listed as a noxious weed by the state or governments in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Its leaves may be brewed for tea. [21] Additionally, its potential allelopathic qualities[14] further complicate the ability of other plant species to coexist. Common Name: Strawberry Guava. The pigs disturb habitats by digging in the soil, making it easier for P. cattleyanum seeds to reach the soil. 180-250. in C. P. Stone and J. M. Scott (eds.). [16] Additionally, P. cattleyanum is both very shade-tolerant[14] and able to withstand soils with a moderate to high pH level. coriaceum O.Berg Psidium cattleianum var. The editors are not aware of records of the presence of  P. cattleianum in Kenya and Uganda, though this does not necessarily mean that it is absent from these countries. "[4] The red-fruited variety, P. cattleyanum var. PPR, ARC South Africa. [9], P. cattleyanum reproduces through setting seed and through cloning. This activity was undertaken as part of the BioNET-EAFRINET UVIMA Project (Taxonomy for Development in East Africa). [14] Its invasive quality may be explained by a high amount of genetic variation, as variants of different fruit colors cluster at different elevations. US Forest Service. It was introduced to many of the areas it now invades due to human usage as a crop for its edible fruit. The seeds are small and white in colour. Some components of an integrated management approach are introduced below. Psidium cattleianum may be confused with Psidium guajava (guava) and Psidium guineense (Brazilian guava). GISD (2010). Imagen – Flickr/Candise Sorensen. Hawaii, Honolulu. Henderson, L. (2001). [20], P. cattleyanum grows effectively in undisturbed areas,[10] complicating restoration efforts in sensitive habitats. "Strawberry Guava Biocontrol: Restoring natural balance to Hawaii's forests and watersheds with the help of a bug",, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 10:06. littorale (O. Berg) Fosb., Psidium littoraleRaddi, Strawberry guava, cattley guava, cherry guava, Chinese guava. P. cattleianum is naturalized in many tropical and subtropical countries after introduction as an ornamental or a fruit tree. Department of Land and Natural Resources, 54. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. No suele superar los 3 metros de altura, pero en ocasiones puede crecer hasta convertirse en un árbol de hasta 10 metros. Huenneke, L. (1990). State of Hawaii. Psidium littorale Raddi. A population study and distribution of strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum) in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii. [19] It is able to propagate quickly due to the spread of its seed, which occurs as its seeds fall and as birds and feral pigs transport fruits,[10] as well as through its root sprouts. [16], P. cattleyanum is often associated with invasive feral pigs[10][15] The two species are often found near each other, most likely because feral pigs aid in the spread of P. cattleyanum. [12] This management strategy, known as the “special ecological areas,” is one of the strongest ways of controlling plant species over time. Its white flowers (15-25 mm across) have five petals and numerous stamens. Seu tronco é tortuoso e apresenta casca lisa, escamosa, na cor cinza a marrom avermelhada, com ramos pubescentes quando jovens. Psidium variabile O.Berg. Locations within which Psidium cattleianum is naturalised include Australia, tropicaland southern Africa, New Zealand, south-eastern USA and many oceanic islands with warm climates. Psidium obovatum Mart. Accessed March 2011. Psidium cattleianum de 10 años de edad y 1´5 metros de altura cargado de frutos a principios de octubre. It is considered to be the worst invasive plant species in several islands in the Indian Ocean. Smith, C. W. 1985. 2007. Psidium cattleianum produces a lot of fruit with each seed containing up to though usually less than 70 seeds. Small plants can be removed by hand. (2010). C. Wikler, J. Pedrosa-Macedo, M. Vitorino, M. Caxambú, C. Smith. It can also reshoot from stumps and produce suckers from near the base of the trunk. Hawaii Coop. The skin is often removed for a sweeter flavour. Eugenia pseudovenosa H.Perrier Eugenia urceolata Cordem. Tropical Biology Association (2010). [16], P. cattleyanum acts as an invasive by creating dense thickets that crowd out sunlight, limiting the potential for other plant species to coexist. The yellow variety bears even more heavily than the red and generally has larger fruit. Univ. Although P. cattleyanum has select economic uses,[2][5][6] it is considered the most invasive plant in Hawaii. [23] However, some insects cannot be used due to the potential for certain species to attack more than P.