Recognition: ♂♂ 220 cmMaximum distance from the snout to the tip of the tail. Author: Alejandro ArteagaaAffiliation: Tropical Herping (TH), Quito, Ecuador. book reviews and letters. Yes, it is possible. Etymology: The generic name Bothrops, which is derived from the Greek word bothros (meaning “pit”),66 refers to the heat-sensing pits between the eyes and nostrils. Shop Now! Distribution: Bothrops asper is native to the Neotropical lowlands and adjacent mountainous areas from Mexico to northwestern Peru. At the medical facility, personnel can initiate treatment with the appropriate antivenom, monitor vital signs, and perform laboratory tests. Meet Ecuador's 459 species of reptiles in our online photographic catalogue that includes common names, scientific names and links to specific accounts. Please note that this book is in production, with the authors still gathering data in the field and trying to locate and photograph species. Photographers: Jose VieiraaAffiliation: Tropical Herping (TH), Quito, Ecuador.,bAffiliation: ExSitu, Quito, Ecuador. and Sebastián Di Doménico. Natural history: Generally frequentRecorded weekly in densities below five individuals per locality. Arteaga A (2020) Fer-de-Lance (Bothrops asper). Sep 1, 2019 - Explore Andreas Kay's board "Reptiles of Ecuador", followed by 151 people on Pinterest. The snakes may be located by walking along trails at night. Maximum distance from the snout to the tip of the tail. Although the majority of Ecuador’s reptiles can be found in the Amazon and its Pacific coastal plains, some snakes and lizards can also be found in the higher páramo regions. Some of the best localities to find Central American Lanceheads in the wild in Ecuador are: Bilsa Biological Reserve, Buenaventura Biological Reserve, Canandé Reserve, and Jama-Coaque Ecological Reserve. In a rainforest locality in Panama, the occurrence rates of B. asper have decreased to cero in the period from 1997 to 2012, probably as a result of the collapse of amphibian populations.65 Still, given the Terciopelo’s formidable capacity to adapt to new environments, it is unlikely that it will become extinct, at least not in the near term future.2. reading for all who are involved in land management for nature conservation, Published April 11, 2020. In a few hours the strongest man, in the best of health, becomes a corpse. English common names: Fer-de-Lance, Central American Lancehead, Terciopelo, Yellow-Jaw Tommygoff. The specific epithet asper is a Latin word meaning “rough” or “harsh.” It probably refers to the skin on the dorsum of this species, which has a coarse texture.5. See more ideas about Reptiles, Ecuador, Lizard. j=juvenile. NHBS Ltd is registered in England and Wales: 1875194, Universidad Tecnológica Indoamereica, Quito, Leaf-Tailed Geckos – The Complete Uroplatus, A Complete Guide to Reptiles of Australia, A Guide to the Reptiles of Southern Africa, Snakes of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. for both enthusiast and professional naturalists and wildlife conservationists. All rights reserved. How to cite? DOI: 10.47051/FEPX4083. The median lethal dose (LD50) is a measure of venom strength. Published eight times a year, British Wildlife bridges the gap between popular writing and With its warm, tropical climate, Ecuador is a perfect home for reptiles who love to relax and soak in the sun. Die Leidenschaft für Gecko, Schlange und co. begann bei mir schon im Kindesalter von 10 Jahren. Jetzt die Gurtel & Taschen von Reptile's House im Online Shop entdecken. The Ecuadorian Milk Snake is most commonly found in and around forested areas in Ecuador. From the author team that wrote The Amphibians and Reptiles of Mindo: Life in the Cloudforest comes a photographic field guide to the reptiles of Ecuador. Reptilien (Reptiles, Reptilia) | Rund 460 Reptilienarten sind gemäß derzeitigem Stand der Forschung in Ecuador heimisch. The excitement of the nervous systems at first induced is followed by complete prostration; blood flows from every pore and life ebbs away with frightful rapidity. Figure 1: Individuals of Bothrops asper from FCAT Reserve, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador (); Cerro de Hayas, Guayas province, Ecuador (); Morromico, Chocó department, Colombia (); Cerro Blanco Protected Forest, Guayas province, Ecuador (); Las Balsas Reserve, Santa Elena province, Ecuador (); Buenaventura Reserve, El Oro province, Ecuador (); and Canandé Reserve, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador (). CLM includes long-form articles, events listings, publication reviews, Jump to navigation Jump to search. I adopted reptiles for both the Reptiles of the Galápagos and Reptiles of Ecuador books. Fortunately, the antivenom available in Ecuador can, to a degree, neutralize the venom of Bothrops asper. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Reptiles of Ecuador. Updated July 15, 2020. Avoid the application of tourniquets, electric shocks, traditional medicine, venom suction, and incision of the bite wound. They can “bite and hold” their prey or “bite and release,” subsequently following the scent trail of the envenomated prey.12 As juveniles, they attract prey by means of moving their brightly colored tail as a lure.20 Terciopelos are opportunistic predators; they feed on almost any animal that is 3–75% of their body mass.2,21 Their diet includes primarily (69%) mammals (mostly rodents, but also rabbits, skunks, opossums, and even porcupines), but also amphibians (mostly frogs such as Leptodactylus labrosus, L. rhodomerus, Lithobates vaillanti, Pristimantis achatinus, Rhinella horribilis, and Smilisca phaeota, but also caecilians)9,22, lizards (whiptails, anoles, the microteiid Ptychoglossus gorgonae,1 and the worm lizard Amphisbaena alba),23 snakes (including Dipsas andiana,9 and members of their same species), birds, invertebrates (mainly centipedes,24,25 but also beetles, flies, hemipterans, ants, grasshoppers, and crayfish), fish,23 and carrion.2,25–28 When consumed, some toxic frogs cause the vipers to be sluggish and incapable of moving for nearly an hour.29 The diet of the Fer-de-Lance seems to shift from being based primarily on ectothermic (“cold-blooded”) prey as juveniles to based mostly on endothermic (“warm-blooded”) animals as adults.30,31 Individuals obtain water from their prey, from dew-laden surfaces, and bodies of water.2, Terciopelos rely on their camouflage as a primary defense mechanism.2 When threatened, some snakes flee, others give a “warning” by wiggling their tail against the leaf litter, and some just readily attack.2,5 Predators of Bothrops asper include snakes (such as Clelia clelia, C. equatoriana, and Drymarchon melanurus),2,9 mammals (such as peccaries, skunks, coatis, and raccoons),1,2 falcons, hawks, chickens, crabs, and spiders (particularly tarantulas).2,9 There are records of adult Terciopelos being attacked and severely injured by monkeys.32 The Fer-de-Lance is parasitized by ticks, parasitic worms, and protozoans.2,33,34, The Fer-de-Lance is a venomous species (LD50The median lethal dose (LD50) is a measure of venom strength. Affiliation: Tropical Herping (TH), Quito, Ecuador. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Reptiles of Ecuador. Please note that this book is in production, with the authors still gathering data in the field and trying to locate and photograph species. Open access. In: Arteaga A, Bustamante L, Vieira J, Guayasamin JM (Eds) Reptiles of Ecuador: Life in the middle of the world. Reptiles Native To Ecuador. It is the minium dosage of venom that will lead to the deaths of 50% of the tested population. Spanish common names: Equis de la costa, equis, rabihueso (Ecuador); barba amarilla, cuatronarices (Colombia); terciopelo, barba amarilla, nauyaca (Central America). Conservation Land Management (CLM) is a quarterly magazine that is widely regarded as essential The cover image shown is a mock-up only and might not reflect the final product. Believed to be safe from extinction given current circumstances. Males of Bothrops asper become sexually mature when they reach ~99.5 cm in total length; females at ~111.3 cm, or in little over 3 years,62 although females may attain a length of >2 m and a weight of 6 kg in just 2.5 years.63 The breeding season of some Fer-de-Lance populations coincides with the rainy season.2 Females are capable of delaying fertilization by storing sperm for years.2 After a gestation period of 6–8 months, females “give birth” (the eggs hatch within the mother) to 2–102 young1,49 that are 21.5–37.1 cm in total length.50,62 Females usually produce only one litter per year if environmental conditions are favorable.62 In captivity, individuals can live up to 21 years.2, Conservation: Least Concern Believed to be safe from extinction given current circumstances..64 Bothrops asper is listed in this category because the species is widely distributed, frequently encountered throughout its range, tolerates and even thrives in human-modified environments, and is considered to be facing no major immediate extinction threats.2 However, the Fer-de-Lance generally cannot survive in areas without vegetation cover.2 The substitution of traditional crops for mechanized agriculture is causing the species to be less frequently encountered or absent altogether in some areas.2,9 Other threats to the species include direct killing (terciopelos are usually killed on sight by humans alleging precautionary reasons),2,9,14 traffic mortality, and the decline in the abundance of prey.